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                Exploring the optical properties and molecular characteristics of dissolved organic matter in a large river-connected lake (Poyang Lake, China) using optical spectroscopy and FT-ICR MS analysis


                Lei Xu* , Qian Hu, Minfei Jian,Kai Mao, Zetian Liu, Wei Liao, Yumei Yan, Ruichang Shen, Aiwen Zhong*


                Science of the Total Environment




                River-connected lakes are complicated and dynamic ecosystems due to their distinctive hydrological pattern, which could significantly impact the generation, degrad tion, and transformation processes of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and further regulate DOM chemistry in alakes. However, the molecular compositions and characteristics of DOM in river-connected lakes are still poorly understood. Thus, here the spatial variations of optical properties and molecular characteristics of DOM in a large river-connected lake (Poyang Lake) were explored via spectroscopic tech-niques and Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS). The results showed high degree of spatial heterogeneity of DOM chemistry (variations in DOC concentrations, optical parameters, and molecular com-pounds) in Poyang Lake, and the diversity at the molecular level was primarily caused by the heteroatom compounds (N- and S- containing). Compared with classic lakes and rivers, DOM compositions of the river-connected lake had dis-tinctive characteristics (differences in the Aimed and DBE values, and CHO S proportions). And the composition charac-teristics of DOM between the southern and northern parts of Poyang Lake were different (such as the lability and molecular compounds), suggesting the changes of hydrologic conditions may affect the DOM chemistry. In addition, various sources of DOM (autochthonous, allochthonous, and anthropogenic inputs) were identified agreeably based on optical properties and molecular compounds. Overall, this study first characterizes the DOM chemistry and reveals its spatial variations in Poyang Lake at the molecular level, which could improve our understanding of DOM in large river-connected lake systems. Further studies are encouraged to investigate the seasonal variations of DOM chemistry under different hydrologic conditions in Poyang Lake to enrich the knowledge of carbon cycling in river-connected lake systems. 

                Exploring the optical properties and molecular characteristics of dissolved.pdf